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Latin Classes at the Hereford Cathedral Library 2017

Click the hyperlinks 'here' below to download the images. Individual images are jpg's, multiple images are zip files

<>Tuesday 27th June 6pm: We continued with the interesting document R297 (see below) two of whose membranes we transcribed and translated - see here.

Wednesday 14th June 6pm: We started on the 7 membrane Catherdal Library account roll for Norton Canon dated 1441/2 reference R297. As part of the expense account this document listed various types of fish and shellfish including oysters, mussels, herring, hake and salmon as well as details of repairs to a high status building in Norton Canon which included tiling, making shingles, transport of timber but also the repair of the Norton Canon pillory! We also had the earliest known reference to Norton Wood (1424). Our transcription and translation of these two membranes is here. The images of the whole document R297 can be downloaded can downloaded as a zip file here.

Wednesday 31st May 6pm: We continued with the Edward I Court Roll for Norton Canon. I've added line numbers to the digital image of the parcement here to help in following along with our completed transcription and translation which is here.

Wednesday 17th May: We carried on translating SC6/HENVIII/1273 and started on R893 one of the Edward I HCL Court Rolls for Norton Canon

Wednesday 19th April: We transcribed and translated a revealing Tudor survey of the manor of Pembridge National Archives SC6/HENVIII/1273 c1509

Digital image (jpg) here, the transcription and translation here . We didn't do the other side of the membrane (right hand side of the image) so this can be an exercise for next time. We will also have a go at R893, one of the HCL Court Rolls for Norton Canon during the reign of Edward I, download and unzip the 4 images here [zip, 15 Mbytes]

15 Feb 2017: The two we went through on our first session were components of an Inquisitions Ad Quod Damnum TNA C143/58 - order to the sheriff here and the deliberations of the jury here.

Here are some more MSS for practice: R295 manorial accounts for Norton Canon (includes Woolhope too) 1430 here [zip, 16 Mbytes].

MSS from previous classes:

Hyper links below open images (.jpg) of the manuscripts and Word documents (.doc) which are the results of transcriptions and translations of the Latin group. Files can be opened in situ (click on the link) or downloaded (right click link and then save...as). Line numbers are cross referenced between the images and the transcriptions and translations which are each typed on alternate lines.

Court of Common Pleas 1314. Sybil accuses Joan of causing 'waste, sale and destruction' in 200 acres of wood in Eton Tregoz [Foy] by felling 560 trees [worth £36 10s] and of causing 'total destruction' of 4 acres alder wood by felling all 400 'large alders' [worth £20] there. Joan is the widow of John Tregoz and has these woods as part of her dower [Magna Carta guaranteed widows a third part of their husband’s estates]. William Grandison is holding Eaton Tregoz on his death in 1335 so his wife Sybil has inherited John's land and she is presumably his daughter by an earlier marriage since she is not referred to a Joan's daughter. Sybil's grievance is that her stepmother Joan is selling standing timber before she can get her hands on it and is claiming 4 times the value of the trees that Joan has had felled and sold as damage. Joan’s denies doing any damage in the 200 acre wood and states that the alders will re-grow so no damage there either. This is the earliest known Herefordshire document referring to re-growth after felling.

CP40/208   [0.9Mb]

Transcription and translation:

CP40_208.doc    [58kb]

Crown accounts 1517. Following the battle of Mortimers Cross (1471) Edward Mortimer was crowned king Edward the 4th, so his estates including Wigmore, its castle and sub-manors, became crown land so many associated archives survive at the National Archives. This one, SC6/HENVIII/1410 below, 46 years after the battle, are the submitted accounts by park and forest managers appointed by Edward. For Gatley park Edward Croft is explaining to the crown auditor why many expected items of income were not forthcoming. A common term is ‘attachment’ for which there is no modern equivalent but means that possessions are forfeit until a fine is paid. For parks and forests this typically involved turning animals onto the park/forest/wood without permission or at the wrong time of year or taking wood without permission. Pannage is the autumn feeding of pigs on acorns/beech nuts etc in woodland. Freemen of the manor paid pannage whereas bondmen paid 'wormtak' a term particular to Wales and the March.

SC6/HENVIII/1410   [1.6Mb]


Transcription and translation:

SC6_HenVIII_1410.doc    [58kb]

Inquisition Post Mortem [IPM] of 1336 for Pembridge mentioning the now non-existent Pembridge Park and a 1545 order from the crown against the leaseholders of Brampton Bryan which fails to mention a park implying that Brampton Bryan Park was created shortly before it was mapped by Saxton in 1577


Transcription and translation:

C135_45_IPM_Pembridge.doc    [35kb]


Transcription and translation:

E368_320_BramptonBryan.doc    [31kb]

A King's Bench cases of damage to two mills in Wellington by impeding the flow of water to them (KB27/106 dated 1287) and, during the anarchic period of the baron's revolt against Edward II in 1324, the case (KB27/259) of the former constable of Ludlow Castle taking farm produce from Richards Castle and Orleton and other places. He seems especially partial to bacon!


KB27_106.doc    [40kb]


KB27_259.doc    [38kb]

The 1254 kings bench case KB26/154 was a complaint by Aldith de Hennor and her daughter Emma against William le Clerk also of Hennor that he broke into their park, rounded up their animals and lead them away. William also attached, wounded and mistreated Emma. The park is not actually named all we know is that it is in the possession of Aldrith of Hennor. There is no known reference to a Hennor Park but there is an earlier reference to Hamnish Park in the Reading Cartulary. Walter de Clifford had permission from Reading Abbey to enlarge his park at Hamnish by taking in 24 acres of land with a spring, stream and a small wood, for payment of 2s and a white doe skin every year. Date range given for this Cartulary manuscript is 1135 to 1170. Now Hennor is less than half a mile from Hamnish so this park is likely to be the same park. A candidate area is suggested by tithe map names as being just south of Hennor and Hamnish court with field names 'the parks', 'lawn', 'the grove meadow' [possibly associated with the grove in the Cartulary] and this area is by the Stretford brook which could be the stream referred to.
See tithe map and OS map:

I haven't got round to producing a full transcription and translation of these documents

KB26_154_m22_0022d.jpg   [540Kb]

Possible location of Hamnish Park

Red circles show the tithe map field names indicating the possible location of Hamnish Park

In the memoranda rolls of E159/364 [1573] we considered the case of George Parry of Poston who felled 2000 oaks from Snodhill park and woods that he was leasing from the crown. The attorny general claimed he had damaged and reduced the value of crown land by his actions referring to the land as the Snodhill Forest. George's defence was simple: there is no such place as the 'Forest of Snodhill' in Herefordshire. So, although this was crown land it was not royal forest land, so forest laws did not apply, and he was entitled to realise the profits of the manor he was leasing.

E159_364_m237_IMG_1403.jpg   [1.6Mb]
E159_364_m237_IMG_1404.jpg   [1Mb]

Transcriptions and translations dealing with the measurement of the common pasture in Dorstone in the court of Common Pleas in 1314 and a lengthy crown case of 1572 in the Memoranda Rolls concerning the Forest of Hay: felling, grazing, pannage and ancient rights. For the Dorstone case I have indicated the abbreviations exactly as they are in manuscript. Since this is fairly time consuming I haven't done this for the others.

CP40_208&E159_363.doc    [82kb]

8 Edward II [1314] concerning a measurement of the common pasture in Dorston

E159/363 [1572] concerning the forest of Haye just outside Hereford, an informative case that sheds light on the rights of land holders in an around the forest. The text covers the front and back (dorses) sides of 3 membranes numbers 120 to 122, I've included high and low resolution versions(rs):

E159_363_m120_annot.jpg [1.8Mb]
E159_363_m120_annot_rs.jpg [340kb]
E159_363_m120d_annot.jpg [2.2Mb]
E159_363_m120d_annot_rs.jpg [300kb]
E159_363_m121_annot.jpg [2.3Mb]
E159_363_m121_annot_rs.jpg [320kb]
E159_363_m121d_annot.jpg [1.8Mb]
E159_363_m121d_annot_rs.jpg [290kb]
E159_363_m121d_annot.jpg [1.8Mb]
E159_363_m121d_annot_rs.jpg [290kb]