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Hyper links below open images (.jpg) of the manuscripts and Word documents (.doc) which are the results of transcriptions and translations of the Latin group. Files can be opened in situ (click on the link) or downloaded (right click link and then save...as). Line numbers are cross referenced between the images and the transcriptions and translations which are each typed on alternate lines.


Latin Classes at the HCL 2017

1st March 2017 - I've finally got around to putting up the MSS images on the server (sorry for the delay), click the hyperlinks 'here' below to download the image/s or view in browser. I'm not doing anything visual just now - merely using this web page to transfer files for download. Each image file name has the MS reference in the beginning followed by the file number from the camera. Most documents have multiple images and in these cases I've put them into a single zip file which I hope most of your systems will simply unzip when you click on it (let me know if not).


15 Feb - The two we went through on our first session were components of an Inquisitions Ad Quod Damnum TNA C143/58 - order to the sheriff here and the deliberations of the jury here.


I've selected two documents for next week (8th March) both from the HCL and both regarding Norton Canon: R893 court roll from 1285 (4 images) here [15 Mbytes] and R295 manorial accounts for Norton Canon (includes Woolhope too) 1430 here [16 Mbytes]. In case we want more to work on I've also put up a further 5 MSS including 3 Medieval deeds from the National Archives here [38 Mbytes]. Since I'll be away for the next two sessions I will up a lot more but let me know what you want - I'll bring my digital image collection with me.


MSS from previous classes:

Court of Common Pleas 1314. Sybil accuses Joan of causing 'waste, sale and destruction' in 200 acres of wood in Eton Tregoz [Foy] by felling 560 trees [worth £36 10s] and of causing 'total destruction' of 4 acres alder wood by felling all 400 'large alders' [worth £20] there. Joan is the widow of John Tregoz and has these woods as part of her dower [Magna Carta guaranteed widows a third part of their husband’s estates]. William Grandison is holding Eaton Tregoz on his death in 1335 so his wife Sybil has inherited John's land and she is presumably his daughter by an earlier marriage since she is not referred to a Joan's daughter. Sybil's grievance is that her stepmother Joan is selling standing timber before she can get her hands on it and is claiming 4 times the value of the trees that Joan has had felled and sold as damage. Joan’s denies doing any damage in the 200 acre wood and states that the alders will re-grow so no damage there either. This is the earliest known Herefordshire document referring to re-growth after felling.


CP40/208   [0.9Mb]

Transcription and translation:

CP40_208.doc    [58kb]


Crown accounts 1517. Following the battle of Mortimers Cross (1471) Edward Mortimer was crowned king Edward the 4th, so his estates including Wigmore, its castle and sub-manors, became crown land so many associated archives survive at the National Archives. This one, SC6/HENVIII/1410 below, 46 years after the battle, are the submitted accounts by park and forest managers appointed by Edward. For Gatley park Edward Croft is explaining to the crown auditor why many expected items of income were not forthcoming. A common term is ‘attachment’ for which there is no modern equivalent but means that possessions are forfeit until a fine is paid. For parks and forests this typically involved turning animals onto the park/forest/wood without permission or at the wrong time of year or taking wood without permission. Pannage is the autumn feeding of pigs on acorns/beech nuts etc in woodland. Freemen of the manor paid pannage whereas bondmen paid 'wormtak' a term particular to Wales and the March.


SC6/HENVIII/1410   [1.6Mb]

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Transcription and translation:

SC6_HenVIII_1410.doc    [58kb]



Inquisition Post Mortem [IPM] of 1336 for Pembridge mentioning the now non-existent Pembridge Park and a 1545 order from the crown against the leaseholders of Brampton Bryan which fails to mention a park implying that Brampton Bryan Park was created shortly before it was mapped by Saxton in 1577


C135/45/22

Transcription and translation:

C135_45_IPM_Pembridge.doc    [35kb]




E368/320

Transcription and translation:

E368_320_BramptonBryan.doc    [31kb]



A King's Bench cases of damage to two mills in Wellington by impeding the flow of water to them (KB27/106 dated 1287) and, during the anarchic period of the baron's revolt against Edward II in 1324, the case (KB27/259) of the former constable of Ludlow Castle taking farm produce from Richards Castle and Orleton and other places. He seems especially partial to bacon!


KB27/106

KB27_106.doc    [40kb]




KB27/259

KB27_259.doc    [38kb]



The 1254 kings bench case KB26/154 was a complaint by Aldith de Hennor and her daughter Emma against William le Clerk also of Hennor that he broke into their park, rounded up their animals and lead them away. William also attached, wounded and mistreated Emma. The park is not actually named all we know is that it is in the possession of Aldrith of Hennor. There is no known reference to a Hennor Park but there is an earlier reference to Hamnish Park in the Reading Cartulary. Walter de Clifford had permission from Reading Abbey to enlarge his park at Hamnish by taking in 24 acres of land with a spring, stream and a small wood, for payment of 2s and a white doe skin every year. Date range given for this Cartulary manuscript is 1135 to 1170. Now Hennor is less than half a mile from Hamnish so this park is likely to be the same park. A candidate area is suggested by tithe map names as being just south of Hennor and Hamnish court with field names 'the parks', 'lawn', 'the grove meadow' [possibly associated with the grove in the Cartulary] and this area is by the Stretford brook which could be the stream referred to.
See tithe map and OS map:

I haven't got round to producing a full transcription and translation of these documents

KB26_154_m22_0022d.jpg   [540Kb]

Possible location of Hamnish Park

Red circles show the tithe map field names indicating the possible location of Hamnish Park


In the memoranda rolls of E159/364 [1573] we considered the case of George Parry of Poston who felled 2000 oaks from Snodhill park and woods that he was leasing from the crown. The attorny general claimed he had damaged and reduced the value of crown land by his actions referring to the land as the Snodhill Forest. George's defence was simple: there is no such place as the 'Forest of Snodhill' in Herefordshire. So, although this was crown land it was not royal forest land, so forest laws did not apply, and he was entitled to realise the profits of the manor he was leasing.

E159_364_m237_IMG_1403.jpg   [1.6Mb]
E159_364_m237_IMG_1404.jpg   [1Mb]

Transcriptions and translations dealing with the measurement of the common pasture in Dorstone in the court of Common Pleas in 1314 and a lengthy crown case of 1572 in the Memoranda Rolls concerning the Forest of Hay: felling, grazing, pannage and ancient rights. For the Dorstone case I have indicated the abbreviations exactly as they are in manuscript. Since this is fairly time consuming I haven't done this for the others.

CP40_208&E159_363.doc    [82kb]


CP40/208
8 Edward II [1314] concerning a measurement of the common pasture in Dorston


E159/363 [1572] concerning the forest of Haye just outside Hereford, an informative case that sheds light on the rights of land holders in an around the forest. The text covers the front and back (dorses) sides of 3 membranes numbers 120 to 122, I've included high and low resolution versions(rs):


E159_363_m120_annot.jpg [1.8Mb]
E159_363_m120_annot_rs.jpg [340kb]
E159_363_m120d_annot.jpg [2.2Mb]
E159_363_m120d_annot_rs.jpg [300kb]
E159_363_m121_annot.jpg [2.3Mb]
E159_363_m121_annot_rs.jpg [320kb]
E159_363_m121d_annot.jpg [1.8Mb]
E159_363_m121d_annot_rs.jpg [290kb]
E159_363_m121d_annot.jpg [1.8Mb]
E159_363_m121d_annot_rs.jpg [290kb]